The chairman of the Tata group has said the company “can’t have a situation where India keeps funding losses” at its Port Talbot steelworks.
Tata Steel’s pre-tax losses were £371m last year, up from £222m in 2017-18.
The Unite union said the claims added “more pressure” on workers.
“Everyone will tell you that the Tatas have gone way beyond to keep this going,” said Mr Chandrasekaran. “Anybody else would have walked away.
“I don’t want to make those tall statements [about commitment]. We are taking some hard calls. So, hopefully, we should see some results.”
In November, Tata announced plans to cut 3,000 jobs across Europe.
Welsh Economy Minister Ken Skates said it “appears to be the case” that about 1,000 of those would be in Port Talbot.
Tata has two large steelworks in Europe – Port Talbot, and one near Ijmuiden in the Netherlands, about 18 miles (30km) north-west of Amsterdam.
Just under half of Tata’s 8,385-strong UK workforce are based in Port Talbot.
A new £50m blast furnace was opened in Port Talbot in January 2019, after which Hans Fischer, chief executive of Tata Steel’s European operations, said: “We are committed to build on our future for the UK.”
Steel industry analyst Dr Katherine Ringwald Wildman said she was “surprised” at the way Mr Chandrasekaran made his comments, but not the nature of them.
“The problem is there are no market implications to suggest that things are going to get any better in the short term.
“The price of steel is still relatively low, demand is still very low, the industry is over capacity and the costs to the industry are still relatively high.
“The growth there is in the market is going to be in China rather than in Europe.
“I think it’s now becoming clear that Tata can’t afford these losses the way they are now. It can’t go on, no company can sustain those losses – it’s £1m per day.”
In June, a planned merger between Tata and German steelmaker Thyssenkrupp was blocked by the European Commission over competition concerns.
Paul Evans, the Unite union’s regional officer for Wales, said: “This interview just adds more pressure on the Tata workers at Port Talbot. The site is obviously key to the future of the other Tata plants in Wales.
“The workforce at Port Talbot have for many years proved they are the producers of world class quality steel and Wales and the UK can’t afford to lose the expertise and commitment they have shown over the years.”
A spokesman for Tata Steel’s European operations said: “What our chairman said in the interview has already been communicated to colleagues through our transformation programme.
“That programme is about building a stronger and more sustainable European steel business by improving profitability so we can pay for investments necessary to secure our long-term future.
“The plans include productivity improvements, reduced bureaucracy and increased sales of higher-value steels, as well as employment cost savings.”
The Welsh Government said it had “shown its strong commitment over the last few years to working with Tata and steel unions to secure a long-term future for steel making in Port Talbot and across Wales and we will go on doing that in the future”.